There are many different kinds of home water purification systems (or water filters) on the market. Each uses distinct water filtration methods to provide you and your family with cleaner, safer, and better water. But do you know what’s the best water filter system for your home?
With increasing toxins detected in our water due to industrial and environmental causes, we must learn more about different water purification technologies. We should also use water filters to protect ourselves.
You may not be able to regulate the quality of your well or municipal water. Still, you may protect yourself and your family from potentially harmful contaminants—or improve the taste of your water—by using a filter. Find out the different water filter systems in this article and choose the best one for you and your family.
TYPES OF WATER FILTER SYSTEMS
Whole House Water Filters
The whole-house filter is the biggest and most expensive type of water filter. It aims to clean all of the water for your entire home, and they’re several times the price of most other filters. They have flow rates of 10-15 GPM and even more to do this. These are frequently multi-stage filtration systems capable of removing all main contaminants. Many of these systems also function as water softeners, removing water stains. Whole-house filters connect to your home’s mainline and may require professional installation.
Reverse Osmosis Systems
Water goes through semi-permeable membrane filters with force in reverse osmosis systems. They eliminate all chemicals, pollutants, and particles, but they also remove minerals like magnesium and calcium necessary for good health. As a result, many reverse osmosis systems include an alkalization stage that restores the pH of the water while also reintroducing vital minerals.
Activated Carbon Filters
Some people aren’t fans of the taste of the water they’re drinking right now; this could be because they used to drink water from a different source. To resolve this problem, purchase a decent standard water filter with activated carbon and clean the filter cartridge regularly to remove inanimate items.
Do not be frightened if the water contains small black particles after installing a filter with the activated carbon. These particles come from the activated carbon.
Furthermore, if installing the stated filter is too costly, experts suggest using a covered jug of tap water stored in the refrigerator to reduce its flavor and odor, making it as excellent and tasty as bottled mineral water.
Water softeners are one of the expensive forms of water filters. It removes hard minerals from water by exchanging them for sodium ions in water softeners. It doesn’t make the water taste salty, but it softens it, which has several advantages. When soft water dries, it leaves no limescale behind. It’s also beneficial to your skin and hair. It softens the water throughout your entire home.
The most efficient technique to kill bacteria in the water is to use ultraviolet water filtration. Their method of killing bacteria or microbes is a little different. It goes after their genetic core, or DNA, which kills or disables them. It can destroy not just bacteria but also viruses and protozoan cysts that cause sickness.
UV disinfection, too, can be considered a natural purification method because it does not require the use of chemicals. It is a natural process that does not alter the flavor of the water. UV disinfection is a natural process, but it is not cheap, and the lack of reliable equipment makes it difficult to obtain, so it is not widely employed.
This sort of filter, as the name says, fits beneath your sink. It connects straight to your main water line, giving you an endless supply of filtered water. They usually come with their little faucet that attaches to the countertop’s main faucet. These filters can be a single filter or many filters used in a multi-stage process to filter out a higher number of impurities. When the filters reach the end of their useful life, they will be simple to replace. Fortunately, they have a longer lifespan than many other types of water filters, so you won’t have to replace them as frequently.
There are two types of countertop filters. On the bottom, there is a large reservoir, and on top, there is a filter. They can hold up to 2.25 gallons of water, significantly more than a pitcher-style filter. However, because they won’t fit in your fridge, many will only deliver room-temperature water.
The second countertop filter attaches to your kitchen sink and connects to your home’s main water supply. When you turn it on, it will have a faucet that will stream filtered water. These are usually significantly smaller and take up very little counter space, but they can be pricey. Since they connect to your main water supply, they have a limitless capacity, but they can be slow to create it.
Refrigerator Water Filters
Depending on the model, Fridge filters can remove many of the same pollutants as a countertop or under-counter filter. On the bottom freezer and side-by-side refrigerators, water and ice dispensers are typical. A built-in filter usually filters the waterline. By just pushing and twisting, you may easily replace most filters. A replacement filter will set you back around $50 or more, and you’ll have to replace it every six months or so.
Water Pitcher with Filters
Water pitcher filters are large pitchers with built-in water filters that are an affordable solution to acquire clean, filtered drinking water in your house. They have a smaller capacity than other types of water filters, usually between six and ten cups. Some of the larger ones can contain up to 23 cups of filtered water and include a push-button nozzle that stays in the fridge except when it needs a refill.
Water Bottle with Filters
Water bottle filters are among the tiniest and most affordable filters on the market. They also have a small capacity due to the size of the bottle, which is usually approximately 20 ounces. These frequently include a filter straw that filters the water as it travels to your mouth. These are available from various merchants for a low-cost solution to have filtered drinking water wherever you need it.
CHOOSING THE BEST TYPE FOR YOU: What’s The Best Water Filter System?
Customize the Filter to Your Specific Needs
The amount of water that a pitcher removes varies. In our testing of water filters, we discovered that all of them were capable of eliminating chlorine. Two different models could be used to get rid of lead.
Choose a filter that best meets your needs after you know what’s in your tap water. On the box of a pitcher, look for the certification for the elimination of each specific substance. The CSA Group, Underwriters Laboratories (UL), and the Water Quality Group (WQA) are all third-party labs that certify products to NSF standards so that you may see them certification marks as well.
Identify the Contaminants it Removes
You must now be aware of the toxins in your water source. It’s now time to see what impurities the filters can get rid of. Before we proceed any further, remember that most businesses sell various filters and employ skilled salesmen to assist you in making the best choice. On the other hand, some of these salespeople will say nearly anything to promote a product or a brand. As a result, you should always double-check claims and read the fine print on filter packaging before purchasing to ensure that it serves its stated purpose.
Never assume that just because a filter can remove one sort of contamination, it can also remove others. Some filters that release chemicals, for example, are ineffective at eliminating bacteria and vice versa. However, some water filters that remove chemicals, such as ion exchange, reverse osmosis, or distillation systems, may also remove fluoride and other contaminants. As a result, always double-check the finer points before completing a purchase.
Know the Cost and Set a Budget
A water filtration system’s price varies depending on its type, features, output, technology, and other factors. Simple models start at under $20 and go up to hundreds of dollars for complicated systems that require professional installation. You must also consider easy maintenance, such as filter cartridge replacement. It’s when your financial plan comes into play.
HARMFUL WATER CONTAMINANTS
Chemical (pesticides, poisons), physical (silt, particles), biological (bacteria, parasites, viruses), and radiological (uranium, plutonium) are water contaminants. Any helpful minerals such as calcium and potassium are all examples of pollutants. Pollutants in water can be naturally occurring or artificial.
DANGEROUS EFFECTS FROM WATER POLLUTANTS
We already knew that some toxins in water are damaging to our health, and the negative impacts can be divided into two categories:
Acute – Negative consequences that occur after a brief period of exposure.
Chronic – Harmful Consequences of long-term exposure.
Chronic impacts can lead to serious health issues such as liver and renal disease, cancer, reproductive problems, and neurological abnormalities.
While some pollutants (such as germs and viruses) will cause harm to your body quickly after you swallow specific levels, others will not.
The initial effects on human health are usually transient, but excessive intake might result in serious sickness or death.
What’s The Best Water Filter System? COMMONLY ASKED QUESTIONS!
Is it true that water filters are effective?
Yes, in a nutshell. You may test your water in a few different ways to evaluate how much of a difference a filter makes. One option is to test for pH levels, and you’ll want to make sure your water is between a seven and a ten.
Another test is to determine the total dissolved solids (TDS) in the water, including salt, metals, and minerals. It’s where you’ll find your lead, chlorine, and other toxins. TDS measures in milligrams per unit volume (MPV) or parts per million (ppm). The ideal range for drinking water is 0 to 50 parts per million, tolerable levels are 50 to 140 parts per million, and normal tap water is between 140 and 400 parts per million. Basically, the greater the number, the larger the number of metals and minerals in your water.
In a water filter, what should I look for?
Take a look at your water before you go looking for a water filter. What kind of pollutants does it contain? You can make do with a simple filter if the contaminants are quite common, such as chlorine, mercury, and pesticides.
A reverse osmosis water filtration system or faucet attachment may be more appropriate if you have more severe contaminants in your water, such as lead or bacteria. If your water contains lead, use a filter that has been certified by the National Sanitation Foundation to verify that it will properly remove the lead.
While some of the filters listed here claim to be able to handle an alarming number of pollutants and impurities, not all of these will be present in your water. If your water solely contains chlorine, you don’t need to be concerned about lead. If you can have an access to the official water report, you’ll be able to figure out exactly what’s poisoning your water and which filter is ideal for you.
How Can You Tell If The Water Is Safe To Drink?
If you use public water, the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s website should report the water quality in your state or municipality.
If you source water from a private well or whose quality you’re not sure about, check a few things to be sure it’s safe.
Checking the water with your senses is the simplest, quickest, and most cost-effective method. If there are clouds or particles in the water, it is generally not safe to consume or even shower with it. A strange taste or odor could indicate a high level of pollutants like chloramine, iron, or sulfur, as well as one or more hazardous compounds.
Another popular approach is to purchase a home water quality test kit. These kits can be bought readily online or at local retailers. They usually feature strips that change color when exposed to contaminants in your water. They can tell you if your water is contaminated with certain toxins and how bad it is affected.
FINAL THOUGHTS: What’s The Best Water Filter System?
The best method to protect yourself and your loved ones from the damaging effects of any toxins in your water supply is to install a high-quality water filter in your home.
What’s the best water filter system? Choosing the right sort of filter, on the other hand, is dependent on many things. These criteria could include the quality of your water, the type of filtration system you need, and the features it should have. Other considerations include the amount of filtered water required in your home, as well as your budget. You’ll be well on your way to selecting the correct type of filter for your needs, whether it’s a whole home water filter, an under-sink filter, or a countertop filter, once you’ve figured out those factors.